Disease respiratory system essay

Medicine Respiratory disease is a medical term that encompasses pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible in higher organisms, and includes conditions of the upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity, and the nerves and muscles of breathing.

Disease respiratory system essay

Respiratory system Photo by: Creations Respiration is the process by which living organisms take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide. The human respiratory system, working in conjunction with the circulatory system, supplies oxygen to the body's cells, removing carbon dioxide in the process.

The exchange of these gases occurs across cell membranes both in the lungs external respiration Disease respiratory system essay in the body tissues internal respiration. Breathing, or pulmonary ventilation, describes the process of inhaling and exhaling air.

The human respiratory system consists of the respiratory tract and the lungs.

White blood cells

Respiratory tract The respiratory tract cleans, warms, and moistens air during its trip to the lungs. The tract can be divided into an upper and a lower part. The upper part consists of the nose, nasal cavity, pharynx throatand larynx voice box. The lower part consists of the trachea windpipebronchi, and bronchial tree.

The nose has openings to the outside that allow air to enter. Hairs inside the nose trap dirt and keep it out of the respiratory tract. The external nose leads to a large cavity within the skull, the nasal cavity. This cavity is lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs called cilia.

Mucus moistens the incoming air and traps dust. The cilia move pieces of the mucus with its trapped particles to the throat, where it is spit out or swallowed. Stomach acids destroy bacteria in swallowed mucus.

Blood vessels in the nose and nasal cavity release heat and warm the entering air.

Respiratory tract

Air leaves the nasal cavity and enters the pharynx. From there it passes into the larynx, which is supported by a framework of cartilage tough, white connective tissue. The larynx is covered by the epiglottis, a flap of elastic cartilage that moves up and down like a trap door.

The epiglottis stays open during breathing, but closes during swallowing. This valve mechanism keeps solid particles food and liquids out of the trachea. If something other than air enters the trachea, it is expelled through automatic coughing.

Words to Know Alveoli: Tiny air-filled sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs between the lungs and the bloodstream.

Disease respiratory system essay

Two main branches of the trachea leading into the lungs. Branching, air-conducting subdivisions of the bronchi in the lungs. Dome-shaped sheet of muscle located below the lungs separating the thoracic and abdominal cavities that contracts and expands to force air in and out of the lungs.

Flap of elastic cartilage covering the larynx that allows air to pass through the trachea while keeping solid particles and liquids out. Membranous sac that envelops each lung and lines the thoracic cavity.

Air enters the trachea in the neck. Mucous membrane lines the trachea and C-shaped cartilage rings reinforce its walls. Elastic fibers in the trachea walls allow the airways to expand and contract during breathing, while the cartilage rings prevent them from collapsing.

The trachea divides behind the sternum breastbone to form a left and right branch, called bronchi pronounced BRONG-keyeach entering a lung. The lungs The lungs are two cone-shaped organs located in the chest or thoracic cavity.The human respiratory system is a series of organs responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide.

The primary organs of the respiratory system are lungs, which carry out this. The Respiratory System - The respiratory system is a complex organ structure of the human body anatomy, and the primary purpose of this system is to supply the blood with oxygen in order for the blood vessels to carry the precious gaseous element to all parts of the body to accomplish cell respiration.

Welcome to HCC online tutoring! Our goal is to provide free, confidential, and convenient academic support to HCC students in an online environment. NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASE Ed Friedlander, M.D., Pathologist [email protected] No texting or chat messages, please.

Ordinary e-mails are welcome. Essay: The respiratory system The human body is organized into numerous complex systems that interact with each other in order for it to function and sustain life. One of those vital systems is the respiratory system.

I originally introduced the term “orthorexia” in the article below, published in the October issue of Yoga Journal. Some of the things I said in the article are no longer true of .

The immune system: Cells, tissues, function, and disease