Tirupati was constituted as a municipality on 1 April ; it was upgraded to a second grade municipality on 1 Octoberto a first grade municipality on 12 Decemberto special grade municipality on 13 Februaryand to selection grade municipality on 7 October Tirupati Municipality was upgraded to a municipal corporation on 2 March The area of the municipal corporation at the time of formation was
Cycas beddomei Save Cycas beddomei is a species of cycad in the genus Cycasnative to Indiawhere it is confined to a small area of Andhra Pradesh state in the Tirumala Hills in scrubland and brush covered hills.
Superficially similar to Cycas revolutait has erect, solitary stems. The cones emerge in November to December, ripening in March to May.
The lamina margin is strongly toothed, with an acuminate point. The sarcotesta is yellow to brown. The species is unusual in that it contains a layer of fleshy material between the sarcotesta and the sclerotesta that is thought to aid the seed by providing it with a source of water.
As cycad seeds have no dormancy, this would be an important trait in its arid habitat.
It is named after the botanist Richard Henry Beddome. Habitat This cycad is found in dry, hot sites in the scrublands of eastern India. Clumps of the plant are common via pups only in males. The plant is fairly fire resistant, except as seeds and seedlings, which are very vulnerable to annual grass fires.
Chemistry The biflavonoids 2",3"-dihydrohinokiflavone, 2,3,2",3"-tetrahydrohinokiflavone, 2,3-dihydroamentoflavone, 2,3,2",3"-tetrahydroamentoflavone, 2,3-dihydro-4"'methyl-amentoflavone, and pinoresinol can be isolated from C.
This cycad, due to its demand for medicinal purposes, and consequent reduction in living populations, is now an endangered species.Some of the rare and endemic plant species like Cycas beddomei is a species of cycad in the genus Cycas is found only in the Tirumala benjaminpohle.com species of birds from this national park have been identified which includes the globally threatened yellow-throated bulbul, grey-fronted green pigeon, critically endangered Oriental white State: Andhra Pradesh.
Endemic And Endangered Plant Species Of Tirumala Hills. Endangered Species in the Philippines “The Wildlife of the Philippines has a significant number of plant and animal species that are endemic in the Philippines.
The country's surrounding waters reportedly have the . formed from grass and other herbaceous plants. This forest is known as hot-spot for some rare, endangered, vulnerable, threatened and endemic plants (Madhava Chetty et al.
) . Rhynchosia beddomei was examined in the field for its floral biology, pollination mechanism and pollinators. The Tirumala hills is floristically rich by virtue of its geographical location, varied forest types, different bio-climatical features, Plant wealth of Tirumala.
More recently Reddy et al.
() in Notes: This endemic species was earlier reported from Calicut, Silent Valley of . Sri Venkateswara National Park on Tirumala Hills.
Location in India. Location: Chittoor and Cuddapah districts, Andhra Pradesh, Some of the rare and endemic plant species like red sanders, Shorea talura, Shorea (red sandalwood) in Talakona forests of Sri Venkateswara National Park Artocarpus heterophyllus (jack fruit) at Sri.
Spread in an area of sq km, the park is home to nearly species of plant life, species of birds, 20 species of reptiles, 15 species of butterflies, 20 species .