What Is Actually Genetic Engineering? Such phenomenon is the inspiration of scientists in this endeavor.
With modern technology and research studies, it is now possible to regenerate cells and even clone animals. For years, men have tried to modify the genetic make-up of animals for many applications. Another process known as transgenesis is being used in animals and plants.
In biotechnology, there is a type of genetic engineering done with plants and animals to be used in the manufacturing of drugs. Despite the potential benefits this science development offers, the subject still remains to be contentious and views of people are still divided. What Is a Transgenic Animal?
It is an animal that has a foreign gene or exogene which is also referred to as transgene from another animal cell that has been inserted to its genome so it can change its properties and later on pass it to its offsprings. This artificial gene will come from two or more sources.
A transgenic animal is different from a cloned animal since the latter comes from an identical to the organism it was derived from. The first successful transgenesis was performed on a mouse and it can be processed by plasmid vectors, pronuclear injection,ballistic DNA injection, viral vectors and protoplast fusion.
As research continued, the method was also used in cattle, pigs, rabbits, and sheep.
Used in experiments for medicines and medical treatments by pharmaceuticals and universities, transgenic animals are also used now in agriculture and also as disease models. Despite the practice to be in existence for years now, transgenic animals still remains to be a divisive issue.
Although there are groups which believe in the benefits of this scientific breakthrough, there are also sectors which are against the use of transgenic animals.
It is best to know the views of proponents and opponents about this controversial topic. List of the Pros of Transgenic Animals 1.
They are used in clinical trial research. One of the benefits of transgenic animals, according to proponents, is in pharmaceuticals. In order to create new medicines for different diseases, scientists need models for diseases.
These animals are used in laboratories for clinical trial research. With their help, pharmaceuticals are able to come up with the cure for certain diseases.
They can be organ donors in the future. Advocates for animal transgenesis claim that significance of transgenic animals in xenotrasplantation, a process of transplanting a cell or tissue from another species for medical purposes.
The pigs have organs similar to humans in size and are readily available but their tissues age much faster. Proponents say that there will be a time animal organs can be used on people waiting for donors.
They can be used by diabetes patients who need insulin as well as patients with several diseases like sickle-cell anemia. Supporters of the use of transgenic animals point out their importance for people who need insulin treatment and those who are undergoing treatment with the use of gene therapy.
They can be used to keep infants healthy.
Through the process of transgenesis, modifying the genes of a parent animal can produce offsprings with qualities human beings can make use of.
According to proponents, scientists were able to modify a cow and the result is an offspring that can produce milk with casein, a kind of protein used for cheese manufacturing.
These cows can now also produce lactoferrin which can be found in the immune system. This can be used as a an additive to infant formula.List of the Pros of Transgenic Animals. 1. They are used in clinical trial research. One of the benefits of transgenic animals, according to proponents, is in pharmaceuticals.
In order to create new medicines for different diseases, scientists need models for diseases. These animals are . The Pros and Cons of Cloning: Is it Worth the Risk? May 26, Reproductive cloning has a number of pros.
Much of it relates to helping human families gain children, but there is also a benefit for the animal world. Tis would cause premature aging issues and potentially lead to premature death.
Con: Security. Ethical issues in science and technology for your term paper October 17, / 0 Comments / in Law, QTA Blog, Research Paper Help, Sciences, Student resources / by Lorraine Savage The list of social and ethical issues in science and technology is vast.
Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering ‘Genetic engineering’ is the process to alter the structure and nature of genes in human beings, animals or foods using .
These Pros and Cons of Cloning are Both Fascinating and Scary Cloning is the process of creating a copy of a biological entity. In genetics, it refers to the process . Pros and Cons of Designer Babies. Pros. Reduces risk of genetic diseases.
Free Designer Baby Essay Help. Designer babies aren’t futuristic. CRISPR gene editing could have 'profound positive effect,' but ethics concerns remain - Deseret News. Interested in responsible gene editing? Join the .